Many smaller Vermont towns do not operate a local high school and some towns do not operate a local elementary or middle school. Students in these towns are eligible to choose from among public or non-religious independent schools in other towns (even outside of the state or nation).
Vermont has a well established school choice system for students living in school districts that do not have all school grades available.
The term "vouchers" commonly is used to refer to the system by which money follows the student, though in Vermont no actual voucher is issued or needed. Instead, receiving schools send an invoice to students' home districts. The home district verifies eligibility and pays the invoice.